Thermo Scientific Pierce Protein G Agarose is a premium-quality affinity resin for antibody purification that is available as bottled agarose beads, pre-packed spin columns, 96-well filter plates and complete IgG purification kits.
Pierce Protein G Agarose consists of recombinant Protein G that has been covalently immobilized onto high-quality crosslinked 6% beaded agarose (CL-6B). This particular variety of the affinity resin provides the most versatile combination of chromatographic features for high yield and high purity purification of whole IgG from mammalian serum samples. The agarose beads have physical and chemical properties suitable for many affinity purification systems. Accordingly, Pierce Protein G Agarose is offered in several convenient package formats, including bottled resin slurries, three sizes of spin columns, complete purification kits, two sizes of FPLC-ready chromatography cartridges, and 96-well filter plates.
- Protein G – immobilized Protein G is ideal for polyclonal IgG purification from mouse, human, cow, goat and sheep serum, including human IgG3 and mouse IgG1 isotypes
- Agarose resin – support is crosslinked 6% beaded agarose (CL-6B), the most popular resin for protein affinity purification methods
- Inert and stable – superior manufacturing method immobilizes Protein G by charge-free, leach-resistant covalent bonds, resulting in low nonspecific binding and enabling multiple uses without decline in yield
- Standard capacity – Pierce Protein G Agarose has a normal load of immobilized Protein G, providing a binding capacity of 11 to 15mg human IgG/mL resin
- Multiple formats – choose from bottled resin slurries, centrifuge-ready columns, complete purification kits, two sizes of FPLC-ready chromatography cartridges, and 96-well filter plates
- Purification kits contain Protein G Spin Columns, binding buffer, elution buffer and neutralization buffer
Protein G is a bacterial cell wall protein original from group G Streptococcus and now produced as a recombinant in E. coli. Like Protein A, Protein G binds to most mammalian immunoglobulins primarily through their Fc regions. Native Protein G contains two immunoglobulin binding sites, as well as albumin and cell surface binding sites. In the recombinant form of Protein G, these albumin and cell surface binding sites have been eliminated to reduce nonspecific binding when purifying immunoglobulins. Recombinant Protein G has a mass of approximately 21.6kDa, but its apparent size by SDS-PAGE is 31 to 34kDa. IgG-binding function is optimal at pH 5 but also occurs efficiently in near-neutral conditions (pH 7.0 to 7.2).
Compared to Protein A, Protein G binds a broader spectrum of IgG subclasses from human, mouse and rat serum. In particular, besides binding other isotypes just as well as Protein A, Protein G exhibits stronger binding to human IgG3, mouse IgG1 and all three isotypes of Rat IgG. Thus, Protein G is generally recommended for applications involving these species and isotypes of antibody. With regard to other species, Protein G provides higher-capacity binding for IgG from cow, goat and sheep, but it binds more weakly than Protein A to pig, guinea pig, dog and cat IgG.
Pierce Protein G Agarose is prepared using Thermo Scientific AminoLink Coupling Chemistry, which provides several advantages compared to traditional methods of ligand immobilization. AminoLink Immobilization results in conjugation between sugar monomers of the agarose beads and native lysine residues on the Protein A via simple amide bonds. Unlike typical cyanogen bromide (CNBr) immobilization, the AminoLink Method does not introduce any novel chemical groups that could cause undesired nonspecific binding and produces a stable, essentially irreversible bond. The result is a high-binding-capacity resin that retains functional immobilized Protein G through multiple rounds of antibody purification.
Pierce Protein G Agarose is effective for affinity purification of IgG from serum and other fluids of many mammalian species. Protein G is especially well suited for use with mouse antibodies (including IgG1) in addition to most IgG isotypes from human, goat and sheep samples.
Properties of crosslinked 6% beaded agarose (CL-6B):
- Support pH Stability: 2 to 14 (short term); 3 to 13 (long term)
- Average Particle Size: 45 to 165 microns
- Exclusion Limit: 10,000 to 4,000,000 daltons
- Maximum Volumetric Flow Rate: approx. 1mL/minute (for 1cm diameter column)
- Maximum Linear Velocity: 30cm per hour
- Maximum Pressure: less than 25psi (1.5 bar), defined as the maximum pressure drop across a column that the resin can withstand (Note: The indicated gauge pressure of a liquid chromatography apparatus may be measuring the total system pressure rather than the pressure drop across the column.)
- Bjorck, L. and Kronvall, G. (1984) J. Immunol. 133, 969-974.
- Guss, B., et al. (1986) EMBO J. 15, 1567-1575.
- Eliasson, M., et al. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 4323-4327.
- Lévy, F., et al. (2005) Mol. Biol. Cell. 16, 1777-1787.
- Petrucelli, L., et al. (2004) Hum. Mol. Genet. Apr 2004; 13, 703-714.
- Rissman, R.A., et al. (2004) J. Clin. Invest. 114, 121-130.
Review of antibody purification methods
Compare Protein A, Protein G and other antibody binding proteins
Protein A, Protein G, Protein L affinity by species and antibody type (Tech Tip #34)
Other Protein G Resins
All Antibody Purification Products
Pierce Protein A/G Magnetic Beads
MagnaBind Protein G Magnetic Beads
- Resin Slurries – 2mL, 10mL, 25mL bottles
- Spin Columns – 0.2mL (microcentrifuge), 1mL, 5mL columns
- Purification Kits – complete kits in all three column sizes
- Chromatography Cartridges – compatible with automated liquid chromatography systems and with syringe processing
- 96-well Spin Plates – pre-dispensed 96-well filter plates, compatible with centrifugation and vacuum manifold systems for manual or automated purification. The plates enable fast, consistent well-to-well and plate-to-plate reproducibility for small-scale, high-throughput separations. (see Protein G 96-well Spin Plate data)
- Bulk and Custom – let us know your needs for bulk Pierce Protein G Agarose