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Immobilized Pepsin


Cleaves Fc fragments from IgG to yield F(ab')2 fragments.

Pierce Immobilized Pepsin

Thermo Scientific Pierce Immobilized Pepsin consists of an acidic endopeptidase (pepsin) that has been immobilized onto beaded agarose resin to enable generation and purification of Fab and F(ab')2 fragments from antibodies.

Pepsin is a nonspecific acidic endopeptidase produced in an inactive precursor form (pepsinogen) in the mucosal lining of the stomach of vertebrates. There are several pepsins, each with a molecular weight of 35,000 and an optimum pH of 1-3; at pH >6, the enzyme is permanently inactivated. Pepsin has broad substrate specificity. It cleaves proteins preferentially at carboxylic groups of aromatic amino acids such as phenylalanine, tryptophan and tyrosine. It will not cleave at bonds containing valine, alanine or glycine. Cleavage at other residues occurs with varying efficiency.

Pepsin and other proteolytic enzymes are used in the laboratory analysis of various proteins. Pepsin and papain are often used to generate antibody fragments. Papain is used to cleave antibodies into Fab fragments, which contain a single antigen-binding domain. Pepsin is used to generate F(ab’)2 fragments by removing only that portion of the Fc domain beyond the hinge region. The resulting F(ab’)2 fragments are composed of two antibody-binding Fab’ fragments connected by disulfides in the hinge region.

Pepsin digestion of IgG. Digestion normally produces a F(ab´)2 fragment and an extensively degraded Fc portion.
Pepsin digestion of IgG. Digestion normally produces a F(ab´)2 fragment and an extensively degraded Fc portion.

Immobilized pepsin can be substituted for free pepsin in any application, and is advantageous because it virtually eliminates autolysis, eliminates contamination of a sample with the protease and allows control of the digestion by removing the pepsin. Immobilized pepsin is also more stable against heat-induced denaturation, resulting in longer maintenance of activity. The F(ab’)2 Preparation Kit contains immobilized pepsin, other necessary reagents and an optimized protocol for human, rabbit and mouse antibody digestion.

Properties of Pepsin Protease.
Alternative names Pepsin A
CAS number 9001-75-6
Specificity Cleaves somewhat nonspecifically at exposed residues, prefers carboxyl side of aromatic residues, does not cleave at valine, alanine or glycine
Pepsin source Porcine stomach
Molecular weight 35,000
Protease type Acid endoprotease, aspartic protease
Uses/applications Antibody fragmentation, cleaves predominantly into F(ab’)2 fragments
Reaction conditions pH 1-3, 20-37°C
Storage conditions Store at 4°C
Inhibitors Pepstatin

References:

  1. Northrop, J.H. (1930) Crystalline pepsin. I. Isolation and tests of purity. J. Gen. Physiol.13, 739-766.
  2. Northrop, J.H. (1930) Crystalline pepsin. II. General properties and experimental methods. J. Gen. Physiol.13, 767-780.
  3. Rousseaux, J., et al. (1980) The differential enzyme sensitivity of rat immunoglobulin G subclasses to papain and pepsin. Molec. Immunol. 17, 469-82.
  4. Wu, A.M., et al. (2001) Protein Eng.14, 1025-1033.
  5. Smith-Jones, et al. (2004) Nature Biotech. 22, 701-706.
  6. Sun, D., et al. (2005) Clin. Diagn. Lab. Immunol.12, 93-100.
  7. Chang, C., et al. (2005) J. Biol. Chem.280, 41546-41552.

Related Products:

F(ab')2 Preparation Kit with Immobilized Pepsin
Pierce Trypsin, MS Grade (Part No. 90057)
MS-Grade Proteases and Digestion Kits for Mass Spectrometry
Standard-Grade Proteases and Protease Resins
Enzymes for Cell Lysis


Ordering Information
 
Product # Description Pkg. Size Instructions MSDS CofA Price
20343 Pepsin Agarose
Formulation: Pepsin on crosslinked 6% beaded agarose, slurried in 50% glycerol, 0.1M sodium acetate buffer pH 4.5 containing sodium azide
Sufficient For: At least 6000 units of activity/mL resin
5mL Product Instructions for product #20343 Pepsin Agarose MSDS for product #20343 Pepsin Agarose Certificate of Analysis for product #20343 Pepsin Agarose $179.00

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20343B Pepsin Agarose
Formulation: Pepsin on crosslinked 6% beaded agarose, slurried in 50% glycerol, 0.1M sodium acetate buffer pH 4.5 containing sodium azide
Sufficient For: At least 6000 units of activity/mL resin
Custom MSDS for product #20343B Pepsin Agarose Certificate of Analysis for product #20343B Pepsin Agarose

Instructions | MSDS | CofA
Product Instructions | MSDS | CofA  

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